In the withdrawal agreement with the EU, Northern Ireland is still in the UK, but it must follow elements of the EU Customs Code. He called on the government to withdraw the bill “by the end of the month,” adding that the withdrawal agreement includes “a number of mechanisms and remedies to address violations of legal obligations contained in the text – for which the European Union will not back down.” The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the “Irish backstop”, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contained a safety net provision to deal with circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transitional period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described as follows. On 23 January 2020, the UK Parliament approved the draft European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom issued and deposited the instrument of ratification of Great Britain on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 p.m GMT, the date on which the Withdrawal Agreement entered into force in accordance with Article 185. Since March, the EU and the UK have been pursuing regular rounds of negotiations, despite the difficulties related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The EU conducts its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, significant differences are not yet resolved in some areas.
These differences concern, in particular, fair competition, horizontal management of agreements and fisheries. EU and UK negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost and their teams have recently stepped up their negotiations. . . .