Clawbacks are also written into employee contracts, allowing employers to control bonuses and other incentive payments. Recovery is a form of insurance if the company has to react to a crisis such as fraud or misconduct or if it records a decline in its profits. The worker must also repay funds if the employer feels that his performance has been poor. In the past, clawback phenomena have mainly been used to guarantee tax measures, reductions, tax refunds and subsidies. Clawbacks are different from refunds or refunds because they include a penalty in addition to a refund. Tax refund agreements are also available in contracts between two private parties, one of them contributing to a project or organization when the project or organization has created tax benefits for the investor, but is now short of money. Recovery agreements may work in combination with the protection of Federal Rule of Evidence 502, which provides that accidental disclosure of inside or protected information is not considered a waiver of privilege or protection if the party accidentally disclosing has taken appropriate steps to prevent disclosure and correct the error. Rule 502 expressly provides for the application of recovery agreements. In addition, recovery agreements can be useful in such situations, for example.B. in court proceedings, arbitration proceedings or State investigations in which protection, similar to that of Rule 502, might not be available. .